IKOK-C Policy on Doping in Kyokushin Karate
a. The pursuit of drug-free sport is a matter of public interest. This Policy reflects the common interest and consensus of Athletes, coaches, Sport Governing Bodies and governments in Canada.
a. The purpose of this Policy is to provide a consistent and effective response to the use of Banned Substances and Practices in Kyokushin Karate in order to deter those who might engage in the use of Banned Substances and Practices and protect those who commit themselves to sport based on the principles of fair play.
b. This Policy ensures that appropriate penalties are imposed on Athletes, coaches and on others who use or condone the use of Banned Substances, or engage in or condone Banned Practices. The Policy sets out procedures for determining Infractions, dealing with individuals and organizations found to have committed Infractions, handling protests and appeals relating to Doping Control Procedures and the determination of Infractions, and reinstating those individuals sanctioned as a result of such Infractions.
In this Policy the following terms shall have these meanings, and shall be capitalized:
a. Accredited Laboratory shall mean a laboratory accredited by the International Olympic Committee (“IOC”), or a laboratory recognized by the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport (“CCES”) in accordance with laboratory standards established by the Standards Council of Canada or an equivalent national or international standardization authority.
b. Admission shall mean a written acknowledgement of a Doping Infraction or a Doping-Related Infraction. Where the Admission pertains to the use of a Banned Substance or Practice, the specific substance or practice must be identified in the acknowledgement. Where the Admission pertains to activities other than doping that are in contravention of this Policy, the specific activities must be identified in the acknowledgement.
c. Athlete shall mean an individual who is registered as an athlete or who participates as an athlete in any activity conducted or sanctioned by the IKOK-C, or any of their affiliated members or clubs.
d. Banned Substances or Practices shall mean those substances and practices identified by CCES, and as updated from time to time, as being banned or restricted. In identifying such substances and practices, CCES shall have regard to the categories of banned and restricted substances and methods published by the IOC.
e. Doping shall mean the presence in the body of Banned Substances as determined by a Positive Test Result, or evidence of the use of Banned Practices.
f. Doping Control Procedures shall mean the activities carried out by CCES, an Accredited Laboratory or any independent authority under this Policy and shall include identification and notification of individuals to be tested, preparation for and conduct of sample collection, handling and transportation of samples, laboratory analysis, results management, determination of infractions, deciding on protests and appeals, conducting investigations, reviewing requests for reinstatement and overall management of the doping control process.
g. Doping Infraction shall mean Doping, which is in contravention of this Policy.
h. Doping-Related Infraction shall mean an Infraction other than a Doping Infraction which is in contravention of this Policy and which has occurred any time in the previous four (4) years. Doping-Related Infractions shall include an individual:
i. acknowledging a Doping Infraction or Doping-Related Infraction by means of an Admission;
ii. refusing or failing to comply with Doping Control Procedures;
iii. condoning the use of Banned Substances or Practices;
iv. counseling or advising others to use Banned Substances or Practices;
v. avoiding or aiding in avoiding Doping Control Procedures and detection of Banned Substances orPractices;
vi. securing, supplying or administering Banned Substances or Practices;
vii. possessing Banned Substances without valid medical reason;
viii. importing or selling Banned Substances;
ix. failing to cooperate as requested in any CCES or IKOK-C investigation into a possible Doping Infraction or Doping-Related Infraction; or
x. failing to recognize or adhere to sanctions imposed under this Policy.
i. Funding shall mean any direct financial support provided by any agency external to the IKOK-C to an individual regardless of the method of payment, that is, direct payment to the individual or indirect payment to the individual through the IKOK-C and includes, but is not limited to, monthly financial support through the ACT Program, coaching or professional staff salaries, honoraria for the provision of professional services, or coaching internships or apprenticeships.
j. Infraction shall include Doping Infractions and Doping-Related Infractions, as determined in accordance with this Policy.
k. Policy shall mean the IKOK-C Policy on Doping in Kyokushin Karate and shall include the Canadian Doping Control Regulations, as approved by CCES and as amended from time to time.
l. Positive Test Result shall mean the certificate of analysis of the test results of an “A” sample of urine issued by an Accredited Laboratory, which indicates Doping. A Positive Test Result does not necessarily indicate that a Doping Infraction has occurred.
m. Regulations shall mean the Canadian Doping Control Regulations as approved by CCES and as amended from time to time.
n. Sport Governing Body shall mean IKOK-C.
o. Sport Ineligibility shall mean being prohibited from participation in any role in any activity organized, convened, held or sanctioned by the IKOK-C, or which is a member of or affiliated with IKOK(C) which has adopted this Policy.
p. Sport Organization shall mean the IKOK-C or any of the body’s affiliated members or clubs.
a. The authority for Doping Control Procedures in Canada is based upon the contractual relationship, which exists between Sport Organizations and their members. Any Sport Governing Body committed to drug-free sport may adopt this Policy as part of their governing documents and thus as part of the rights and obligations established in their contractual relationship with members. In so doing, these bodies collectively delegate to the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport (CCES) the authority and responsibility for carrying out Doping Control Procedures in Canada, and the members of these bodies accordingly recognize this authority and responsibility.
b. More specifically, the role of CCES is to coordinate and implement policies and programs for drug-free sport, including identification and notification of individuals to be tested, sample collection, laboratory analysis, research, education, appeals and reinstatements. CCES’ authority to carry out these activities arises out of the adoption of this Policy by Sport Governing Bodies and the corresponding delegation of this authority to CCES.
c. In administering Doping Control Procedures, CCES operates independently of the IKOK-C and the provincial, territorial and federal governments that contribute to the funding of sport in Canada. CCES may delegate to another authority any of its responsibilities in administering Doping Control Procedures.
d. Where CCES is a party to, or has intervenor status in any adjudication or arbitration under this Policy, an independent authority shall have the responsibility for appointing adjudicators and arbitrators, managing and coordinating adjudications and arbitrations, and providing administrative and logistical support to adjudicators and arbitrators, as required.
a. By virtue of its adoption by IKOK-C, this Policy shall apply to all individuals who are members of such bodies, regardless of where they reside or are situated; all individuals who comprise the membership of such bodies’ affiliated members, clubs, teams, associations or leagues; and all individuals who participate in any capacity in any activity organized, held, convened or sanctioned by such bodies.
b. The Policy shall apply to any individual who seeks to become a member of, or who seeks to participate in any activities of the IKOK-C. If any such individual is found to have committed a Doping or Doping-Related Infraction, the penalties of this Policy shall apply.
c. An individual sanctioned under this Policy remains subject to this Policy throughout the duration of the sanction regardless of that individual’s membership status in the IKOK-C, and this shall include remaining subject to testing.
6. Relationship to Other Policies
a. This Policy represents minimum standards for the imposition of penalties. More stringent sanctions may be applied by members of the IKOK-C, within their own jurisdictions, in a manner consistent with the spirit and intent of this Policy.
b. An infraction determined by a non-Canadian authority that is recognized by CCES may be deemed to be an Infraction under this Policy, and CCES may carry out further review and investigation of such Infractions.
c. This Policy recognizes that CCES does not have jurisdiction over international sport federations. This Policy is intended to operate independently of anti-doping policies of international sport federations and any individual sanctioned under this Policy may also be sanctioned under the policy of the IKO.
7. Determination of Infractions
a. A Doping Infraction shall be determined on the basis of a Positive Test Result in accordance with the Regulations. Such an Infraction shall give rise to sanctions unless overturned by the findings of a “B” sample examination and analysis, or a successful protest or appeal.
b. A Doping-Related Infraction shall be determined in accordance with the Regulations.
c. Doping and Doping-Related Infractions shall not be deemed to have occurred when an individual takes a substance, which is required for treatment or control of a medical condition and for which an exemption has been granted, in writing, by CCES.
8. Penalties for Infractions
i. The penalties for a Doping Infraction or Doping-Related Infraction by an Athlete are:
? First Infraction — four (4) years Sport Ineligibility and permanent ineligibility for Federal Sport Funding
? Second Infraction — permanent Sport Ineligibility and permanent ineligibility for Federal Sport Funding
ii. In cases where the Infraction occurs at a major sport event such as a Major Games or World or Continental Championships, a four-year Sport Ineligibility penalty shall include the next same major sport event even if the major sport event takes place more than four years after the Infraction.
b. Individuals Other Than Athletes
i. The penalty for a Doping Infraction or Doping-Related Infraction by an individual other than an Athlete is:
? First Infraction — permanent Sport Ineligibility and permanent ineligibility for Federal Sport Funding
c. Sport Governing Bodies
i. The penalty for a Doping-Related Infraction by a Sport Governing Body is the withdrawal of domestic doping control services as provided by CCES, until such time as the conduct giving rise to the Doping-Related Infraction has been corrected.
d. Scope of Sanction
i. Individuals sanctioned under this Policy shall be ineligible to participate in any role or in any activity organized, convened, held or sanctioned by the IKOK-C, for the duration of the sanction, subject only to the results of a “B” sample examination and analysis, protest, appeal or reinstatement. Such penalties shall be respected by all Sport Organizations and any other authorities or agencies, which have adopted this Policy.
ii. Where an individual sanctioned under this Policy participates in sport in one or more roles (for example, as both Athlete and coach), the role that the individual was performing at the time of the Infraction shall be the role for which this Policy shall apply.
a. Infractions determined under this Policy may be appealed in accordance with the Regulations.
10. Time for Commencement of Penalty
a. The penalty for a Doping Infraction determined by a Positive Test Result is calculated from the date of sample collection. In all other cases, a penalty is calculated from the date of a decision of the Doping Control Review Board rendered in accordance with the Regulations.
b. Penalties for Doping-Related Infractions are calculated from the date of refusal to be tested or failure to comply with Doping Control Procedures or, in all other cases, from the decision of the Doping Control Review Board rendered in accordance with the Regulations.
a. Doping Infractions and Doping-Related Infractions are a matter of public record. However, information concerning a Doping Infraction shall not be disclosed until the Athlete has been notified.
b. Notwithstanding Section 11(a), if after ten (10) days reasonable attempts to notify the Athlete are unsuccessful, CCES may disclose information concerning a Doping Infraction if it deems such disclosure to be in the interests of drug-free sport.
c. An Accredited Laboratory may forward a Positive Test Result to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) or to the relevant international sport federation.
d. No breach of confidentiality by any party shall invalidate the findings of a Positive Test Result or the declaration of an Infraction unless such breach can be shown to cast doubt on the validity of such findings.
a. Individuals sanctioned under this Policy may request reinstatement of sport eligibility and reinstatement of eligibility for Funding. Reinstatement may be granted only in these situations, in accordance with the Regulations:
o Category I – where the Infraction is a first Doping Infraction involving Banned Substances in the stimulant class when administered for medical purposes or ingested as part of a nutritional product;
o Category II – where exceptional circumstances surrounding the Infraction have been proven;
o Category III – where the requirements for sport reintegration have been met; or
o Category IV – upon completion of a penalty.
Category I Reinstatement
b. Where the Infraction is a first Doping Infraction involving Banned Substances in the stimulant class when administered for medical purposes or ingested as part of a nutritional product, reinstatement of sport eligibility and eligibility for Funding may be requested in accordance with the Regulations. Such reinstatement shall take automatic effect three (3) months after the date of the Infraction.
Category II Reinstatement
c. An individual who has committed an Infraction may request reinstatement where there exist exceptional circumstances surrounding to the Infraction, in accordance with the Regulations. The onus of proving exceptional circumstances rests with the sanctioned individual and all requests for reinstatement for exceptional circumstances shall be heard by an independent adjudicator whose decision shall be final and binding.
d. A request for Category II reinstatement shall be initiated within three (3) months of the date of the Infraction, and may be made only once per Infraction. In the event that reinstatement is granted, reinstatement of eligibility for Federal Sport Funding shall take immediate but not retroactive effect.
Category III Reinstatement
e. An individual who has committed an Infraction may request reinstatement for sport reintegration, in accordance with the Regulations. The onus for meeting the requirements for sport reintegration rests with the sanctioned individual and all requests for such reinstatement shall be heard by an independent adjudicator whose decision shall be final and binding.
f. A request for Category III reinstatement may be made only once by an individual, only for a first Infraction, and only after two (2) years of the penalty have been served. In the event that such reinstatement is granted, reinstatement of eligibility for Federal Sport Funding shall take immediate but not retroactive effect.
Category IV Reinstatement
g. g) Unless otherwise reinstated, an Athlete who has committed an Infraction with a four-year Sport Ineligibility penalty shall be reinstated to sport eligibility upon the completion of the penalty, in accordance with the Regulations.
h. An Athlete reinstated upon completion of a penalty shall not be eligible for Sport Funding.
a. This Policy was first adopted by National Sport Governing Bodies in 1991, and an expanded version of the Policy was adopted by National Sport Governing Bodies in 1994. The Policy was reviewed in 1998 and 1999 and this version was adopted by National Sport Governing Bodies to take effect January 1, 2000.
b. For the purposes of making a transition from the earlier version of this Policy to the present version, individuals who were sanctioned under the previous Policy and who remain subject to a sanction on January 1, 2000 shall thereafter be governed solely by the provisions of this Policy.